What companies need to know about the Corporate Sustainable Reporting Directive (CSRD)

As an expert member of the Danish Regulatory Foum I can testify that the number of regulatory initiatives which are also requiring non-financial disclosure is growing rapidly. A recent report shows that between 2013 and 2018, there has been a 72% increase in the number of recorded regulations. Especially in the past years, this trend took an even broader and more defining role and are the reason of this CSRD related post. 

On an EU level, the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD) came into effect in all member states in 2018. Since then, all 28 countries have adapted the NFRD into national law, and it is now up to companies to comply. With the EU Taxonomy, the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive(CSRD), and the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) among others, the European Union is moving on to the next step of regulations on sustainability reporting and sustainable finance. More precisely, the CSRD aims to ensure that businesses report reliable and comparable sustainability information to re-direct investments towards more sustainable technologies and companies. It is estimated that this would affect around 50.000 companies in the EU.

In April 2021, the European Commission published its proposal for the CSRD to replace the existing NFRD. The NFRD is undergoing a fundamental update with the CSRD. While the proposal still has to pass through the instances, it already offers a preview of the changes that will come to companies, banks, and insurance companies. The current stage of “passing through the instances” brings lots of uncertainty and constant changes. With this post, it is my intention to to draw a picture of what is happening right now as it will generate several market opportunites in european Enterprice software market.

Following its adoption at the EU level, the directive must be transposed into national law by December 1st, 2022 for it to take effect for companies. That is in a littel more than 6 month. According to the previous timetable, the regulations are to apply from January 1st, 2024 for the 2023 financial year. However, the timetable appears to have been pushed back, proposing a delayed introduction and change of scope.


The proposed directive introduces European reporting standards, which are still in development. According to current proposals, the CSRD will be composed of sector-independent, sector-specific and organization-specific standards.

Additionally, it adopts a so-called “double materiality” approach, which will change the principle of materiality that is currently known, particularly in Germany. The “double materiality” requires companies to report on both the impact of sustainability on segments on their balance sheet as well as the impact companies have on the environment and society.

If the EU sticks to its current schedule, the first core standards will be available for review by mid-2022 and adopted by October 31, 2022. As of now, a slimmed-down version of the standards for SMEs will be available by October 31st, 2023 .

Who will be affected by the CSRD?

Compared to the NFRD, the CSRD aims to significantly expand the scope of companies subject to reporting requirements:

  1. All large companies with 250 employees or more, regardless of a capital market orientation. The second threshold for large companies continues to be a turnover of > 20 million euros or sales of > 40 million euros.
  2. All capital market-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises, except for micro-enterprises (from 01.01.2026). According to Directive 2013/34/EU, companies are considered small if they exceed two of the three characteristics 1) 10 employees, 2) 350,000 euros total assets and 3) 700,000 euros net sales (see also chapter timeline changes).

Reporting at the Group level continues to exempt subsidiaries from their reporting obligations. The subsidiary must refer to the Group report.

What kind of information need to be disclosed?

The CSRD will require a statement containing all information necessary for an understanding of the organization’s business performance, results, position, and the impact of its activities.

In the future, the required information needs to be included in the annual management report. This is to be published no later than four months after the end of the financial year. The publication has to be in a machine-readable format.

Possible timeline and -scope changes:

The European Parliament and the Member States are continuing their negotiations on the CSRD proposal. The European Parliament has now announced its position, introducing several changes to the proposed legislation.

One part of these changes demands that SMEs would be taken out of the scope of mandatory reporting. Since SMEs form an essential part of the European economy, with most business enterprises in Europe belonging in this category, this would be a setback for the EU towards achieving net-zero. Initially, SMEs were included via a simplified framework with a three-year application delay compared to the timeline for large companies.

As the second part of these changes, the European Parliament asked for a delayed implementation of CSRD by one year. The delay means that all large companies will be required to disclose in line with the new rules as of 2024, publishing their reports in 2025. 

While these changes are not finalized, many involved parties have expressed concern about a possible delay and scale-down of scope as it would create a clear risk of a funding gap at a critical time for the EU economy.

New challenges for companies and how DFGE can help

The CSRD builds on existing concepts of sustainability reporting. Larger capital market-oriented companies have long been required to disclose sustainability information.

Nevertheless, there is still a significant proportion of companies that do not yet conduct sustainability reporting, or at least not yet to the structured extent that is expected by the CSRD. Due to the expanded group of reporting companies, it will be a major challenge to introduce sustainability reporting across the board and establish appropriate processes for reporting.

In addition, for the companies already reporting, the requirements for data quality and data scope will increase. Companies will have to make their sustainability information auditable and potentially develop new topic areas. The collection of quantifiable key figures, the setting of concrete targets, and the progress report on the achievement of these targets represent further key challenges of the new reporting obligation.

As compliance with the CSRD calls for increasing integration of sustainability aspects into corporate strategy, the CSRD fundamentally strengthens the trend toward anchoring sustainability aspects more and more into business. 

Sources on CSRD:

European Commission (2019). Communication from the Commission: The European Green Deal. Brussels. COM/2019/640 final. ( https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2019:640:FIN )

European Commission (2021). Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2013/34/EU, Directive 2004/109/EC, Directive 2006/43/EC and Regulation (EU) No 537/2014, as regards corporate sustainability reporting (Proposal Corporate Sustainabiltiy Reporting Directive (CSRD)). ( https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52021PC0189 )




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